The most common treatment for children affected by Erb's palsy includes physical and/or occupational therapy in concert with a regular home exercise program. A smaller percentage of patients may benefit from surgical intervention in the early stages to improve innervation of the affected muscles. Others benefit from tendon transfers performed later to improve shoulder and, sometimes, elbow function. Numerous other nonsurgical treatments, including electrical stimulation and botulinum toxin (botox) injections, also may prove effective in the treatment of children with BPP. In view of the variability in presentation, treatment options, and outcome measures, a multidisciplinary approach to the care of the infant with BPP is recommended.